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高中英语学习_高考英语综合填空解题技巧_英语

2019-06-11 18:16:32共2021人围观
简介拿一张英语高考卷来讲,让学生觉得最没有把握的就是综合填空,也叫完形填空,我更喜欢把它称之为综合填空,因为它是对学生语言知识和阅读能力的综合测试。综合填空文章的难度和其题

拿一张英语高考卷来讲,让学生觉得最没有把握的就是综合填空,也叫完形填空,我更喜欢把它称之为综合填空,因为它是对学生语言知识和阅读能力的综合测试。综合填空文章的难度和其题目的设置紧密相关,我们不妨以考核目的将高考中综合填空20个题目分成三类,与之对应的解题方法也有以下这三种——

一、上下文推敲

这类题目主要是对学生语言理解能力的考核,也是我们上海考卷中最多见的一类考题。根据上文所提到的内容来推测下文可能发生的结果,这是高三学生已经掌握了的做题方法,而学生容易忽略的技巧是从下往上的倒推,这就是为什么我们要求学生来回看文章的道理,很多信息在后面被告知,据此来完成前面的填空。同时,对文章整体结构的理解,比方是总分的还是分总的,或总分总的结构,也有利于提高推敲的正确性。下面我们以文章为例来理解“下上文”推敲和分析文章结构的意义。

1.In this chapter you canfind details about more than a hundred different jobs.You are told what qualifications you need, the personal ___1___employers may expect___2____you,the duties you will have in the job, ___3___,what is good and what is not so good about the job. Don’t just look at one description,  look at any descrip-tion you think will interest you.Computer operator

2.Qualifications You will need good__4___from school in several subjects including maths and English.Most employers will test your ca -pability.___5__is on the job or you may need to go to college for further qualifications.

3.Qualities ____6___solving problems;think clearly;like machines;work well in a tem;not___7___routines;have imagination and be very accurate.

4.Duties Prepare jobs;run jobs on the computer;solve problems and correct errors;keep careful______8______of work done.

5.For You work in a very____9__indus -try;;you are well paid;there is lots of opportu-nities in the industry; there are lots of new ma-chines,and new jobs for computers.

6.___10__You may work in rooms win -dows;computer rooms can be noisy;you have to concentrate; you may work irregular hours as big computers run 24 hours a day.

    1.A. requirements  B. qualifications C. problems;D.qualities

    2.A.on B.of C.about D.to

    3.A.and yet B.and finally C.in any case D.on the whole

    4.A.points B.skills C.results D.rec-ommendations

    5.A.Education B.Training C.Teaching D.Operating

    6.A.Include B.Expect C.Enjoy D.Participate

    7.A.mind B.care C.prohibit D.regret

    8.A.records B.history C.mind D.trace

    9.A.boring B.exciting C.dull D.un-known

    10.A.Notice B.On C.Opposite D.A-gainst

综观全文,文章结构为总分式。第1段为总写,第2﹑3﹑4﹑5和第6段为分点表述。因此2﹑3﹑4﹑5和6段段首黑体字也就是第1段所讲的内容,所以答案就很显然,第一空格的qualities也就是第3段段首字;而第5段段首字for就对应了第1段的whatisgood;类推得出 whatisnotsogood对应了第6段段首字,因此答案为for的反义词against。另外我们还发现for和against是最后两点,因此推出第1段第3空格为B选项andfinally与之对应。所以我们在阅读文章时,不仅要把握细节部分,也需要把握文章的框架结构。

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